Most Rev. Leonard Neale

Titular Bishop of Gortyna – Second Archbishop of Baltimore

Leonard Neale was born on October 15, 1746, the son of William and Anna (Brooke) Neale, in Port Tobacco, Maryland, located in Charles County. His father is a descendent of Captain James Neale who emigrated to Maryland in 1642. Archbishop Neale attended Bohemia Manor School near his home in Maryland. Like his four priest brothers, he realized his calling at an early age and entered St. Omer College in Northern France. He joined the Society of Jesus in Liege, the Lowlands and continued his studies at the Jestuit House of Studies at Bruges and Liege. In 1773 he was a member of the faculty of the Jesuit College of Bruges when the institution was seized by the Austro-Belgian goverment and was expelled with the other Jesuits at the College. After this, he spent the next four years engaged in pastoral ministry in England. While in England he petitioned for a foreign mission. This petition was granted, and in 1779 he was assigned to Demerara, in British Guiana, South America. However, his poor health made it difficult, so in 1783 he returned to the United States.

Upon returning to the United States, Archbishop Neale found himself engaged in pastoral work in Maryland and Pennsylvania. In 1793 he was named pastor of St. Mary Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was also appointed Vicar General for Pennsylvania and the other northern states by Bishop John Carroll. In 1799 he was appointed fourth President of Georgetown College in Washington, D.C. He remained President of Georgetown College until 1806. He was also Director of the Visitation Nuns and Poor Clares.

In 1795,